In many cases, vertebral fractures can be treated through conservative methods such as bed rest, a back brace or pain medication. However, patients with osteoporosis or whose fractures have caused severe, long-term pain may benefit from a minimally invasive procedure such as vertebroplasty to relieve symptoms. This procedure is also recommended for patients who are too weak to undergo spinal surgery, or have a malignant tumor within the spine that has caused vertebral damage. Vertebroplasty is most effective when performed on fractures that are less than six months old.
Transforaminal Epidural steroid injections can reduce sciatica pain by almost 90 percent, according to the Anesthesia and Analgesia, a noted reference on the addition, a study published in the journal PM & R: the Study of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation found that the transforaminal approach was superior to placebo procedures in decreasing radicular, or nerve related pain. It is most effective for sciatica pain, though less effective for simple lower back pain. Patients report feeling less pain, greater mobility, and increased quality of life. With relatively few side effects, epidural steroid injections are a viable treatment option.