Pre-steroid

Hi Tom
Great info I did not know you were a fan of the "Iron Guru" until now. As with you i followed Vince through Musclemag and other articles and even brought the excellent book published by Bob Kennedy "Unleash the Wild Physique". As you say he was one in a few million way out there but the mavericks make history. The routines he recommended are of legend and very taxing, as were the diet plans but man he was never boring or one dimensional. He produced a string of outstanding physiques Don Howarth being a prize example shoulders like cannon balls. Thanks again for the article it really caught my attention, keep up the good work. Peter

The problem with this is that someone who has a very detailed nutrition plan can afford to make a tweak that is 50 - 150 calories. Their nutrition and training are consistent and the additional "burn" may be beneficial. Many people, however, are haphazard with their nutritional approach. They consume foods based on eyeballing the portion sizes and allow themselves to snack on various foods throughout the day and even take entire days to eat whatever they like. Think about it - for a product that affords an extra 400 - 800 calories per week, does it make sense to overeat another 1000 calories and expect to see results?

He came up with it after years of studying steroid users in Boston-area gyms and comparing them not just to non-steroid users in the same gyms, but also to bodybuilders from different eras. For a 1995 study, Pope and his coauthors estimated the FFMIs of Mr. America winners from 1939 to 1959, before steroids were readily available. The group includes future B-movie star Steve Reeves, whose physique was so iconic that he was name-checked in The Rocky Horror Picture Show . The average FFMI was . (One of the highest was George Eiferman, Mr. America 1948, with a FFMI. His upper body was later the model for George of the Jungle, a 1960s cartoon character.) Even today, with all we’ve learned about training and nutrition, an FFMI in the mid 20s is still considered the ceiling for natural bodybuilders. Anything above 26 or 27 is suspect.

Pre-steroid

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