Diagnosis Index entries containing back-references to :
Corticosteroid injections are sometimes used for cases of plantar fasciitis refractory to more conservative measures. The injections may be an effective modality for short-term pain relief up to one month, but studies failed to show effective pain relief after three months.  Notable risks of corticosteroid injections for plantar fasciitis include plantar fascia rupture,  skin infection, nerve or muscle injury, or atrophy of the plantar fat pad.   Custom orthotic devices have been demonstrated as an effective method to reduce plantar fasciitis pain for up to 12 weeks.  The long-term effectiveness of custom orthotics for plantar fasciitis pain reduction requires additional study.  Orthotic devices and certain taping techniques are proposed to reduce pronation of the foot and therefore reduce load on the plantar fascia resulting in pain improvement.